The Right
to the City

The Right to the City is the right of all inhabitants, present and future, permanent and temporary, to inhabit, use, occupy, produce, govern and enjoy just, inclusive, safe and sustainable cities, villages and human settlements, defined as commons essential to a full and decent life.


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The right to the city in depth

No discrimination
A city/human settlement free of discrimination based on gender, age, health status, income, nationality, ethnicity, migratory condition, or political, religious or sexual orientation. A city/human settlement that embraces minorities and ethnic, racial, sexual and cultural diversity, which respects, protects, and promotes all non-discriminatory customs, memories, identities, languages, and artistic and cultural expressions of its inhabitants.
Inclusive citizenship
A city/human settlement of inclusive citizenship in which all inhabitants, (whether permanent or temporary) are considered as citizens and granted equal (e.g. women, those living in poverty or situations of environmental risk, informal economy workers, ethnic and religious groups, LGBT persons, people with disabilities, children, youth, the elderly, migrants, refugees, street dwellers, victims of violence and indigenous peoples).
Fulfilled social functions
A city/human settlement fulfilling its social functions, that is, ensuring equitable and affordable access for all to housing, goods, services and urban opportunities, particularly for women, marginalized groups and people with special needs; a city/human settlement that prioritizes the
Diverse and inclusive economies
A city/human settlement with diverse and inclusive economies that safeguards and ensures access to secure livelihoods and decent work for all inhabitants, gives room to other economies (e.g. social and solidarity economy, sharing economy), recognizes the domestic care and community work developed largely by women and ensures the full development of women and girls.
Enhanced political participation
A city/human settlement with enhanced political participation in the definition, implementation, monitoring, and budgeting of urban policies and spatial planning in order to strengthen the transparency, effectiveness and inclusion of the diversity of inhabitants and their organizations. The Right to the City implies responsibilities on all spheres of government and citizens to exercise, claim, defend and promote equitable governance and the social function of all human settlements within a human rights habitat.
Gender equality
A city/human settlement of gender equality, which adopts all necessary measures to combat discrimination in all its forms against women and girls; a city/human settlement which takes all appropriate measures to ensure the full development of women and girls, guarantee them equality in the exercise and fulfillment of human rights, and a life free of violence.
Quality public spaces and services
A city/human settlement with quality public spaces and services that enhance social interactions and political participation, promote sociocultural expressions, embrace diversity, and foster social cohesion; a city/human settlement where public spaces and services contribute to building safer cities (especially for women and girls) and to meeting the needs of its inhabitants (especially those related to livelihoods).
Inclusive rural / urban linkages
A sustainable city/human settlement with inclusive rural-urban linkages that benefit poor people, both in rural and urban areas, and ensures food sovereignty; a city/human settlement that protects biodiversity, natural habitats, and surrounding ecosystems.


  • Human Rights Day in solidarity with our habitat defenders - Photo: ENEL Peru The scurity of our habitat defenders is in jeopardy. States and big business try to stop people who, despite being under threat, speak out in defense of the right to land, housing and right to the city. Today, 10th of December, marks the 71st anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.… +
  • The GPR2C joins the international call to participate in the World Social Forum on Transformative Economies (WSFTE2020) Posted in: Diverse and inclusive economies - Faced with the environmental and civilizatory crisis generated by a globalized capitalist system greedy for resources, social and ecological transition initiatives are multiplying all over the world. Transformative economies are urgent and central part of this movement of renewal, rejecting the doctrine of market-driven economic model growth and financiarization, and proposing concrete solutions. Let us think of social and… +
  • TRISE reelases the book “Social Ecology and the Right to the City” - This October, the Transnational Institute of Social Ecology (TRISE) has released the book “Social Ecology and the Right to the City: Towards Ecological and Democratic Cities”. Edited by Federico Venturini, Emet Degirmenci, and Inés Morales, the publication gathers proceedings from a 2017 conference held in Thessaloniki, reuniting activists, scholars, movements and citizens to debate on… +
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